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Luxembourg Country Information
It is easy to overlook the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, a tiny little country dwarfed between its neighbours France, Germany and Belgium, when planning a tour of Europe. If it is thought of at all, it is probably as a rather unexciting place full of important banking institutions and European Union bureaucrats. This little country is, however, located at the crossroads of several major highways, and if you are going to travel through it, don't hesitate to stop awhile and probe behind the glass office blocks and official buildings to find a land of fascinating medieval fortresses, rolling woodlands, sun-drenched castles, and quaint villages.

Luxembourg's long history is concerned mainly with warding off and withstanding invasion, occupation and siege, which is perhaps why its people seem a little more conservative than their neighbours, with a national motto that reads: 'We want to remain what we are'. However Luxembourgers do enjoy their traditional parades and processions, and there are some jolly bars and cafes in the city where beer flows with good cheer.

The Basics
Time: Local time is GMT +1 (GMT +2 between the last Sunday in March and the Saturday before the last Sunday in October).

Electricity: 220 volts, 50Hz. European-style two-pin plugs are used.

Money: The currency in Luxembourg is the Euro (EUR), which is divided into 100 cents. Foreign currency and travellers cheques can be exchanged at all Luxembourg banks and bureaux de change, as well as the airport and post office Major hotels will also exchange cheques and currency, though rates are high. Major credit cards are widely accepted.

Language: The official language in Luxembourg is Letzeburgesch, a conglomerate German/French dialect. French and German are commonly used, and English is widely spoken.

Travel Health: No vaccination certificates are required for entry to Luxembourg, and there are no health risks associated with travel to the country. British citizens should carry a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), in order to qualify for free emergency medical treatment. Medical insurance is recommended.

Tipping: Hotel and restaurant bills generally include a service charge in Luxembourg. Porters and doormen in smarter hotels appreciate a tip of €1 to €2 and taxi drivers expect a tip of around 10%.

Safety Information: Travel to and around Luxembourg is very safe and trouble free. Take normal precautions against pick-pockets and petty theft.

Business: Business in Luxembourg is usually conducted in French, though some German and English is also used. Translators are readily available, but some effort at speaking French will be appreciated. Business tends to be conducted formally, beginning with a handshake and an exchange of business cards. Punctuality is essential. Dress is formal, with a suit and tie the norm. Surnames and titles are usually used. Luxembourgers are polite and cautious, and it is important to build personal relationships. Business hours are usually 8.30am to 5.30pm Monday to Friday, often closing for an hour at lunch.

Communications: The country code for Luxembourg is +352. The outgoing code is 00, which is followed by the relevant country code (e.g. 0044 for the United Kingdom). City/area codes are not in use. The country is amply covered by GSM mobile phone networks and there are several Internet cafes in Luxembourg city.

Duty Free: Travellers over 17 years arriving from non-EU countries do not have to pay duty on 200 cigarettes, or 100 cigarillos, or 50 cigars, or 250g tobacco, or a proportional mix of these; 1 litre spirits with alcohol content higher than 22%, or 2 litres dessert wine not exceeding 22% and sparkling wine, and 2 litres table wine; perfume up to 50g or 250ml eau de toilette. Other goods include beer, gift items and souvenirs to the value of €175 per adult or €90 for children below 15 years. Providing goods are bought for personal use, there are no restrictions on carrying tobacco and alcohol between the 15 original countries of the EU (including the UK), with the exception of Finland, Denmark and Sweden.

Visa and Entry Information

  • Entry requirements for Americans: United States citizens must have a valid passport. No visa is required for a stay of up to three months.
  • Entry requirements for UK nationals: British passport holders must have a valid document. No visa is required for a stay of up to three months if holding a passport endorsed British Citizen, British Overseas Territories Citizen, British Subject or British National (Overseas). In all other cases a visa is required.
  • Entry requirements for Canadians: Canadians must have a valid passport. No visa is required for a stay of up to three months.
  • Entry requirements for Australians: Australians must have a valid passport. No visa is required for a stay of up to three months.
  • Entry requirements for South Africans: South African nationals require a valid passport and a Schengen visa.
  • Entry requirements for New Zealanders: New Zealand citizens must have a valid passport. No visa is required for a stay of up to three months.
  • Entry requirements for Irish nationals: Irish citizens must have a valid passport but no visa is required.

Passport/Visa Note: Passports must be valid for at least three months after period of intended stay. It is recommended that visitors have return or onward tickets, documents required for next destination and sufficient funds. The borderless region known as the Schengen area includes the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden. All these countries issue a standard Schengen visa that has a multiple entry option that allows the holder to travel freely within the borders of all.

Note: Passport and visa requirements are liable to change at short notice. Travellers are advised to check their entry requirements with their embassy or consulate.

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Weather and Climate In Luxembourg
Nestling behind the barrier of the towering Ardennes mountains Luxembourg is protected from the cold North Sea winds and therefore has a temperate climate. Summers are mild and pleasant, and winters cool to cold. Winter weather is more severe in the northern reaches of the country.

Luxembourg-Ville has a mild continental climate which is marked by high precipitation and warm weather from May to September while snow is unlikely during the winter months. The northern Ardennes region tends to be wetter than the southern regions. May to October is the best time to visit Luxembourg and particularly in July and August where daily averages reach 75°F (24°C).

Attractions in Luxembourg-Ville

  • The Fortress - The mighty fortress started by Count Siegfried atop the Rock of Bock in 963 eventually became a citadel with three girdles of battlements, the inner one fortified with bastions, and the other two containing a total of 24 forts along their length.
  • Grand Ducal Palace - The city residence of the Grand Ducal family is right in the heart of the old town, and is surprisingly unpretentious, recognisable more by the fact that there are sentry boxes outside.
  • The National Museum for History and Art - This museum was recently substantially refurbished and contains some major archaeological finds from the Gallo-Roman period, which are displayed in underground galleries.
  • Grevenmacher - The principal town of Luxembourg's Moselle wine growing region is linked to the German bank of the river by a bridge. Grevenmacher is an old town with narrow streets, the remains of medieval fortifications, and a 13th-century Belfry. The town's claim to fame is the wine cellars of Caves Bernard-Massard, whose sparkling wines are internationally acclaimed.

Airports in Luxembourg

Luxembourg-Findel International Airport (LUX)

  • Location: The airport is located four miles (6km) east of Luxembourg city.
  • Time: GMT +1 (GMT +2 from last Sunday in March to Saturday before last Sunday in October).
  • Contacts: Tel: +352 24 64 1. Flight Information: +352 4798 5050.
  • Getting to the city: Bus route 16 connects the airport to the city centre, and there are taxis available at Arrivals.
  • Car rental: Car hire firms Avis, Budget, Europcar, Hertz and Thrifty are represented at the airport.
  • Facilities: Airport facilities include a bank and bureau de change, a post office, restaurants, a newsagent, duty-free shop and bar in the single airport terminal.
  • Parking: Long and short term parking is available.
  • Departure Tax: None.

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Driving Information

Drinking and driving:
If the level of alcohol in the bloodstream is 0.05 per cent or more severe penalties include fines and / or prison. Young driver’s blood alcohol level is 0.019 per cent.

Driving licence:
Minimum age at which a UK licence holder may drive temporarily imported car and / or motorcycle 18.

Fines:
On-the-spot. Unauthorised and dangerous parking can result in the car being impounded or removed.

Fuel:
Unleaded petrol (95 & 98 octane), diesel and LPG available. It is forbidden to carry petrol in a can. Credit cards accepted at filling stations, check with your card issuer for usage in Luxembourg before travel.

Driving Distances:
Please click here http://www.viamichelin.com/ for driving distances


Lights:
Sidelights required when parking where there isn’t any public lighting. When visibility is reduced to fewer than 100 metres due to fog, snow, heavy rain etc, dipped headlights must be used. It is compulsory to flash headlights at night when overtaking outside built-up areas. In tunnels indicated by a sign, drivers must use their passing lights.

Motorcycles:
Use of dipped headlights during the day compulsory. The wearing of crash helmets is compulsory for both driver and passenger. Child under 12 not permitted as a passenger.

Motor Insurance:
Third-party compulsory.

Passengers / Children in cars:
Children under 3 years of age must be seated in an approved restraint system. Children aged 3 to 18 years and / or under 1.5m must be seated in an appropriate restraint system. If their weight is over 36kg a seatbelt can be used but only on the rear seat of the vehicle. rearward facing child restraint systems are prohibited on seats with frontal airbags unless the airbag is disabled.

Seat belts:
Compulsory for front / rear seat occupants to wear seat belts, if fitted.

Speed limits:
Standard legal limits, which may be varied by signs, for private vehicles without trailers: In built-up areas 31 mph (50 km/h), outside built-up areas 55 mph (90 km/h) and motorways 80 mph (130 km/h) (in case of rain or snow 68
mph / 110 km/h), 43 mph (70 km/h) speed limit for vehicles with spiked tyres.

Compulsory equipment:

  • Reflective jacket - It is compulsory for the driver and passengers to wear a reflective waistcoat when exiting a vehicle in a breakdown situation on a motorway or outside built up areas, at night and in bad visibility.
  • Warning triangle - compulsory for all vehicles with 4 or more wheels.
  • Tyres – All tyres on a car must be of the same type: either Winter tyres marked M&S on the sidewall or Summer tyres.

Other rules / requirements:

The use of spiked tyres is permitted from the 1 December until the 31 March.

Use of snow chains permitted.

Any vehicle immobilised on the motorway must use warning signals, a warning triangle and a flashing light at the rear.

In built up areas the use of the horn is prohibited except in case of immediate danger.

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